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    Gynecomastia Causes and Symptoms

    October 19, 2016

    Gynecomastia is a condition in males where the breasts are enlarged in size giving an unpleasant look.  Gynecomastia is triggered by the decrease in the amount of the hormone testosterone compared with estrogen in men. Estrogen hormone is responsible for enlarged breasts in both men and women.

    Estrogen is a female hormone which men also have. Testosterone and estrogens play an important in maintenance of sex characteristics in both men and women.

    Gynecomastia is observed in three stages of man’s life:

    1. Gynecomastia in infants

    Male infants are generally born with enlarged breasts due to the effect of the mother’s estrogen. Usually the swollen breast tissue goes away in 2-3 weeks after birth.

    1. Gynecomastia during puberty

    During puberty gynecomastia is common. The swollen breast tissue will go away in a period of 6 months – 2 years in most of the cases.

    1. Gynecomastia in men

    The chances of gynecomastia are more in age group between 50-80 yrs of age. Generally 1 in four men in this age group are affected with gynecomastia.

    Causes of Gynecomastia

    70% of gynecomastia cases are observed during puberty. Gynecomastia is caused due to the natural hormonal changes. Gynecomastia is caused when the testosterone levels are decreased, resulting in increased levels of estrogen.

    Middle aged and older men generally have this condition which can either be due to natural hormonal changes or due to following components like:

    • Anti-anxiety drugs
    • AIDS treatment
    • Tricyclic antidepressants
    • Chemotherapy
    • Antibiotics
    • Heart medicines
    • Steroids
    • Marijuana, heroin and amphetamines also cause gynecomastia.
    • Herbal products containing tree oil or lavender oil can also result in increase breast size.

    In few cases kidney diseases, overactive thyroid and tumour can also results in gynecomastia.

    Symptoms of Gynecomastia

    Enlargement of breast is the primary symptom of gynecomastia. The glandular tissues are enlarged instead of fatty tissues in gynecomastia. During gynecomastia the glandular tissues which is located in symmetrical location with regard to the nipple becomes rubbery or firm.

    Usually gynecomastia occurs on both sides but in few cases it is unilateral. The enlargement may vary on both sides. In most of the cases enlargement is more on one side even if both sides are involved. This condition does not cause any pain but, tenderness and sensitivity might be present.

    You need to consult the doctor when the following condition is experienced:

    • Pain
    • Swelling
    • Tenderness
    • Nipple discharge.

    Gynecomastia surgery in Delhi is done at very competitive rates and best and early results. Male breast reduction surgery in Delhi also called as gynecomastia treatment in Delhi is a minimal invasive common procedure for reducing the breast size.

    Gynecomastia is one of the most common cosmetic surgeries in Delhi. Cosmetic procedures in Delhi are quite famous because of the best results in affordable rates.

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