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    Cosmetic Procedures, Birthmarks, and Other Abnormal Skin Pigmentation

    January 10, 2017

    Skin is the largest organ in your body that gets exposed to sun and all harmful organisms in the environment. On your skin you will find different types of birthmarks and pigments.  Birthmarks are the marks, spots or bumps that are present at the time of birth on your skin. Birthmarks are categorized according to their composition. Birthmarks generally appear on your skin due to excessive accumulation of melanin. These birthmarks are referred as pigmented birthmarks as majority of them appear brown or black in color. Other birthmarks that lack melanin appear lighter in color. Birthmarks are usually non cancerous and do not lead to any major health issue.

    Cause of Birthmarks

    There are no specific factors that are responsible for birthmarks appearance on your skin. Most of the birthmarks appear due to defective migration of cells during the development of the fetus. Certain tissues are produced, once the cells start multiplying irrespective of the location where they need to be located or they multiply in abnormal and irregular manner. This kind of cell growth generally leads to birthmarks and pigmented spots.

     Types of Birthmarks

    Birthmarks are classified into different types based on their appearance and composition. The most common types of birthmarks include:

    Pigmented Birthmarks


    January 6, 2017

    Photofacial is a common cosmetic treatment used for skin rejuvenation. Photofacial is used to treat various skin related problems including skin redness and discolorations. Photofacial treatment works well for brown spots and vascular skin conditions. Photofacial makes use of intense pulsed light (IPL) that is mostly absorbed by chromophores containing melanin and hemoglobin. Photofacial treatment stimulated collagen production and can kill bacteria causing acne. In few cases IPL device are also used for hair removal.

    Intense Pulsed light (IPL)

    Photofacial is a skin rejuvenation treatment by using intense pulse light. The most common conditions that can be treated with IPL technique includes:

    • Brown spots
    • Freckles
    • Melasma
    • Broken capillaries
    • Facial redness
    • Sun damage
    • Age spots

    Photofacial treatment required the use of a LED device. LED devices are most commonly used in spas for treatment. These LED devices have lower energy are does not produce an intense light that can cause harm to your skin.

    Photofacial Treatment

    Photofacial treatment involve the usage of a computer controlled tube to emit a non laser, high intensity and multi-wavelength light beam that has the capability to penetrate in all the layers of your skin. The beams emitted by this device get absorbed by the excess pigments th

    December 31, 2016

    Liposuction is a commonly used cosmetic procedure use to remove fat from your body. During liposuction treatment small, thin and blunt- tipped tubes called cannula are inserted through the small incisions in your skin. Cannula helps in sucking fats from specific parts of your body. Liposuction is a less painful method used to treat obesity.

    Types of Liposuction Techniques

    There are three new techniques used for liposuction treatment.

    1.Tumescent liposuction treatment

    Tumescent liposuction is a common treatment used to remove fat from your body. During this procedure a local anaesthesia is used to numb the incision site. A large amount of anaesthetic solution is injected into your fatty tissues before starting the traditional liposuction treatment. General anaesthesia is not required during the tumescent liposuction treatment.

    2.Ultrasound assisted liposuction

    During this process ultrasound is used to liquefy the fat that makes it easier to remove from your body. Ultrasound assisted liposuction is mainly used to remove fats from your neck, upper abdomen and sides.

    3.Laser assisted liposuction

    Laser assisted liposuction treatment makes use of low energy waves to liquefy the fats present in your body. Laser assisted liposuction also requires c

    December 30, 2016

    Every man has some soft light coloured hair on his face and in beard and moustache area. These soft and light coloured hairs are called vellus hair. When you reach puberty the hormonal level increases in your body.  The hormones that are increased in your body include:

    • Testosterone
    • Adrenal hormone
    • 17-OH progesterone
    • DHEAS
    • Growth hormone
    • LH
    • FSH
    • DHT

    There will be a decrease in the SHBG hormone in your body. Increase in hormonal levels acts on various sensors called receptors in the hair roots of your face and other parts of your body. There will be an interaction between the hormones and the receptors. After the interaction, certain changes occur in the hair root cell functioning results in increased thickness of your hair. The hair becomes thick, long and more black pigments are produced that makes your hair darker. These hormonal changes also increase the blood supply in your hair roots leading to more availability of growth factors. Thus, your hair grows faster, darker and stronger. Hormonal growth factors are present in high concentration in your body during the development of secondary genital characters.  There will be persistent stimulation of hair growth for the next 2-3 years till the genital development is complete.

    Causes of Less Beard and Moustache

    There are different factors

    December 27, 2016

    Facial scars appear sunken, raised or darkly pigmented. Facial scars may be generally itchy or painful. Facial scars results due to acne, injury or surgery. There are many different methods that help in healing, diminishing and covering your scars. As the facial skin is constantly exposed to the environment, scars on your face take a longer time to heal.

    Treatments for Facial Scars

    There are different treatments that are used to treat facial scars. The most common treatments used are:

    1. Dermabrasion

    Dermabrasion is the most essential and popular method that is used for treating facial scars. Dermabrasion helps in enhancing your facial appearance. It is an exfoliating technique that is used to remove the outer layers of your skin. During this procedure a dermabrader is generally used. In most of the cases there is a 50% reduction in the scars after the dermabrasion treatment.

    1. Chemical Peel

    Chemical peel is also used to treat facial scars with the help of certain chemicals. Certain mild acids are applied on your skin in a single layer. Application of acids on the upper layer of the skin results in exfoliation and exposing a new layer of the skin. Chemical peel is classifie

    December 21, 2016

    Chemical peel is a cosmetic procedure that is used to improve the skin’s appearance. During this treatment a chemical solution is applied on your skin that makes it blister and eventually gets peeled off. The skin after chemical peel treatment is usually smoother and less wrinkled than the old skin. As you become older, the dead skin cells do not slough off easily as it used to when you were young. It eventually makes your skin appears dull. Chemical peel helps in improving the evenness of colour and texture of your skin that creates a youthful look and restores radiant appearance of your skin.

    Candidates for Chemical Peel

    Chemical peel is considered in the following cases:

    • When you have sun-damaged skin
    • When you have facial wrinkles that are clearly on your face
    • When you are having an uneven skin colour
    • When you having blotchiness, sunspots and brown spots
    • When you having scars that makes your skin surface look uneven
    • When certain precancerous skin growth appears on your skin

    Types of Chemical Peel

    There are three different types of chemical peels that are used based on your skin condition. They are:

    1. Light chemical peel
    2. Medium chemical peel
    3. Deep chemical peel

    Chemical Peel Procedure

    Generally a chemical solution is applied on your entire face or j

    December 17, 2016

    Birthmarks are those skin blemishes that are present at the time of birth or those marks that appears soon after the birth. Birthmarks generally appear red or brown in colour and are represented by an overgrowth of a superficial blood vessels or pigment cells in most of the cases.

    Type of Lesions or Birthmarks

    The removal of birthmark depends on the type of lesions that appears on your skin. The common lesions or birthmarks that appear on your skin are:

    1. Port wine stain birthmark

    Port wine stain birthmarks are flat red marks that are seen at the time of birth and will not disappear over time. In few cases these birthmarks can become more unsightly with age. Laser therapy is used to treat port wine stain birthmarks. Pulse dye laser is a type of laser treatment used to remove this kind of birthmark lesions. Pulsed dye laser treatment uses a concentrated beam of light that targets the blood vessels in your skin. Laser light is converted into heat that can destroy the blood vessels and cause no harm to the surrounding skin and leaves the skin undamaged.

    1. Haemangioma or Strawberry Birthmark

    Haemangioma are also called as strawberry birthmarks that do not appear immediately at the time of birth but, appears in the first fe

    December 13, 2016

    Laser resurfacing is commonly used to treat facial wrinkles, acne treatment and skin irregularities. During this procedure pulsating beam of light is exposed to the irregular skin surface, which results in removing the skin layer by layer. This procedure of skin layers through laser is referred to lasabrasion, laser vaporization or laser peel.

    Candidates for Laser Resurfacing

    If you are having fine lines or wrinkles on your face then you must go for laser skin resurfacing treatment. Fine lines or wrinkles are generally observed around your eyes, mouth or on your forehead which can be treated with the help of laser peel. In few cases the non responsive skin resulting after a facelift surgery  can also be removed through laser skin resurfacing. Apart from wrinkles, acne and dark skin can also be treated with laser skin resurfacing. Laser resurfacing is not suitable for stretch ma

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